Speleology and science, hand in hand: Mapping and photographing / Aiding the researchers

Cave surveying (mapping) and photography in caves present challenges due to the unique and complex environment in which they take place, with specific humidity and temperature conditions, as well as the presence of water and mud that can damage the equipment used.

With no natural lighting, photographing becomes difficult, as artificial light sources and specialized techniques are needed to obtain clear, focused, and detailed images. Narrow passages, winding routes, and irregular terrain, together with the fact that we move in a three-dimensional environment (length, width, and height), make the measurements of topography equipment difficult, making the survey of a cave require a very detailed understanding of the cave morphology. It requires methodical and meticulous work of data collection.

In parallel to these exploration, surveying and photography works, the speleologists have been assuming other tasks of complementary technical support to the researchers, such as facilitating the descent, ascent, and progression in the cave, as well as assistance for the strict scientific tasks.

The logistics developed by the speleological team have been vital for researchers to be able to collect samples of geological materials, as well as for the placement and control of equipment for measuring the environmental parameters of the underground atmosphere. Thanks to them, it has been possible to record precise information for the preparation of inventory sheets of micro-places of geological interest, representative of the great variety of speleothems, sediments and other morphological aspects of this cave.

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